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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 81-85

Analysis of DNA methyltransferase 3A gene mutations in patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms

1 Research Center of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Najmaldin Saki
Research Center of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccij.ccij_9_17

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Context: Philadelphia (Ph)-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) from a group of disorders characterized by dysregulated JAK-STAT functionality, abnormal hematopoiesis, as well as increased production of proliferative cytokines. In addition to JAK2V617F mutation, additional gene alterations that are involved in epigenetic mechanisms, particularly de novo DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A), have been described in Ph-negative MPN biology. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the H/C/S/P mutations in codon R882 of DNMT3A gene among patients with Ph-negative MPNs. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 64 newly diagnosed patients with PV, ET, and PMF who referred to Shafa Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran. In the beginning, 5 mL whole blood was drawn from each patient, and the DNMT3A R882 codon mutations were investigated following the isolation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells by DNA amplification protocol using polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing techniques. Results: The R882H G > A mutation, which results in an amino acid substitution at position 882 of DNMT3A gene from arginine (R) to histidine (H), was observed in two patients (3.1%) with JAK2V617F positive PV and JAK2V617F negative PMFs. Conclusions: Based on the results, DNMT3A-R882 mutations occur at a low frequency in patients with Ph-negative MPNs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to specifically estimate the prevalence of DNMT3A mutations among Ph-negative MPN patients living in the Middle East. It is recommended to investigate these mutants as a secondary defect along with common major complications in such patients.

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