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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 369-373

Clinical profile, treatment, and outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma treated in a tertiary care center in South India

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pathology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Suparna Ajit Rao
OPD-18, Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Dr. M.H Marigowda Road, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0513.197863

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Introduction: Mantle cell lymphoma has an aggressive course, with unfavorable outcomes. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective analysis was undertaken and 77 cases were identified between 2009 and 2014. Results: Median age was 55 years with a male to female ratio of 6:1. Patients with pure nodal disease at presentation were fewer than with extranodal disease (53.2%). Most common extranodal site was bone marrow. A number of patients with low-, low-intermediate, high-intermediate, and high-risk International Prognostic Index (IPI) scores were 6, 24, 22, and 25. Treatment consisted of cyclophosphamide,hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin, prednisolone (CHOP) or R-CHOP regimens. Median survival was 21 months. Median overall survival with early and advanced disease was 31 and 18 months (P = 0.02). Patients who received R-CHOP survived better than those given CHOP, 30 and 16 months (P = 0.0002). There was no difference in survival with respect to age, gender, extranodal, or bone marrow involvement. Conclusions: Most patients presented with extranodal disease, advanced stage, and high IPI. Although rituximab has improved survival, intensive chemotherapy would be required to improve survival.

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