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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 118-121

A prospective randomized controlled trial to study the role of sulfasalazine in prevention of acute gastrointestinal toxicity associated with concurrent chemoradiation in carcinoma cervix

Department of Radiotherapy, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Santanu Pal
Flat 3C, Merlin Niket, 88C Baburam Ghosh Road, Kolkata - 700 040, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0513.113633

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Background: The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sulfasalazine in reducing the incidence of acute radiation-induced enteritis in carcinoma cervix patients receiving pelvic external beam radiotherapy along with concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Between November 2011 and July 2012 a total of 98 patients of locoregionally advanced carcinoma of cervix (49 each in study and control arms) were enrolled in this study. Patients in both the arms were treated with whole pelvis external beam radiotherapy with total dose of 50 Gy in conventional fractionation. Along with this inj. cisplatin was given concurrently at the dose of 40 mg/m 2 of body surface area every week during radiation for 5 weeks. Concurrent chemoradiation was followed by brachytherapy after a gap of 2 weeks. Patients in the study arm also received tablet sulfasalazine 1,000 mg orally twice daily from the day of starting of radiotherapy to 1 week after completion of treatment. Weekly follow-up of all patients to assess acute toxicities was done using common toxicity criteria version 4.0 (CTC v4.0) toxicity scores. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS version 20.0 software. Results: Incidence of grade II or higher grade, lower gastrointestinal toxicity was 19.14% (09/47) in study arm and 41.66% (20/48) in control arm which was statistically significant (P = 0.017). Conclusion: The study shows that sulfasalazine can significantly reduce the acute radiation-induced diarrhea (ARID) in patients undergoing whole pelvis external beam radiotherapy for carcinoma cervix. The drug is safe, cheap, and readily available.

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