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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-145

Vital tissue staining in the diagnosis of oral precancer and cancer: Stains, technique, utility, and reliability

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Huchanahalli Sheshanna Sreeshyla
Hampi Circle, Vijaynagara 2nd Stage, Mysore 570 017, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0513.130156

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Early diagnosis is the single most factors that improve the prognosis and survival rate of cancer patients. Numerous adjuncts are available to aid in its diagnosis. Vital tissue staining is one such adjunct used in the diagnosis of cancer. Though not a new technique, its application to cancer diagnosis especially in its premalignant stage is still uncertain. While the efficiency of toluidine blue (TB) is established to certain extent, the role of other vital stains needs to be researched. This article reviews the various vital tissue staining techniques available in the diagnosis of oral precancer and cancer.

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