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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 178-180

Significance of early detection of oral malignant melanoma: Some reasonable facts


1 Department of Oral Medicine, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rishiraj College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine, Rajasthan Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine, Kalka Dental College Hospital & Research Centre, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Department of Dentistry, Uttar Pradesh Rural Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre, Safai, Uttar Pradesh, India
6 Department of Prosthodontics, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Manish Gupta
C-30 Sarita Vihar, New Delhi- 110076
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-0513.119248

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In literal terms, the melanoma is malignant tumors comprising of melanocytes in which cells are derived from the neural crest that basically constitute the melanin pigment in the basal and supra basal layers of the epithelium. The oral malignant melanoma (OMM) is seen with maxillary gingiva of males was previously considered as a fatal disease; however, in recent literature search illustrates the biological nature and behavior of the disease at the molecular levels. Even if these lesions are biologically aggressive, they often go unnoticed since, they are clinically a symptomatic in the early stages and usually present merely as a hyperpigmented patch on the gingival surface. These lesions if diagnosed at a nearly in situ stage are potentially curable and definitely have a better prognosis, but unfortunately as they are clinically asymptomatic, it results in delayed diagnosis thus making the prognosis extremely poor.


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